A Balanced Diet: Carbs, Protein, & Fats - 4 Things You Need to Know
Trying to figure out what to eat to maintain a healthy, balanced diet can seem overwhelming. There is a ton of information regarding what is and is not healthy to eat in addition to the various diets and food fads (in addition to all the diet reviews and other information available). To maintain a healthy diet, you need a variety of foods in moderation. Foods that contain fats, carbohydrates, and proteins are necessary for energy. Continue reading to learn more about carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, and why they are an important part of a healthy, balanced diet.
Carbohydrates can be either simple or complex and this is determined by the size of the molecule. Simple carbohydrates are small molecules and include various forms of sugar such as sucrose and glucose. Complex carbohydrates are basically long strings of simple carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates are larger molecules and therefore must be broken down into simple carbohydrates before they can be absorbed by the body. As a result of the slower absorption time, complex carbohydrates are slower to provide energy to the body and because they are digested slower, they are less likely to be converted to fat. Complex carbohydrates include fibers, starches, other grains, root vegetables, and beans. Carbohydrates can be either refined or unrefined. Food that is highly processed is considered refined, and refined carbohydrates provide little nutritional value.
Proteins consist of amino acid units that are strung together in complex formations and as such the body takes longer to break them down, meaning that proteins are a slower but longer lasting source of energy than carbohydrates. There are twenty different amino acids with nine of them being considered essential amino acids which should be consumed as part of a healthy diet. Adults need eight of these essential amino acids while infants also need the ninth. The essential amino acids are leucine, isoleucine, methionine, lysine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, threonine, valine, and the ninth one, histidine. Protein is necessary for the body to replace and maintain tissues and also for proper function and growth. The body contains a large amount of protein, it is the main building block of the body and enough needs to be consumed each day to maintain a healthy diet. Foods containing proteins include eggs, and meat, among other foods.
Fats are considered complex molecules and are composed of glycerol and fatty acids. Fats are necessary for proper growth and energy. Fats are the most energy efficient form of food but are also the slowest source of energy. Due to the fact that fats are such an efficient form of energy, the body actually stores excess energy as fat. This can be unhealthy and as such, fats must be consumed in moderation to maintain a healthy diet. There are however different types of fats with some being healthier than others. The different types of fat include monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated. There are also trans fats which are man made facts produced by adding hydrogen atoms to polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fatty acids. Of all the fats, trans fats are considered the unhealthiest and it is recommended that they be eliminated from diets whenever possible.
In addition to fats, proteins, and carbohydrates there are other ingredients that should be considered when planning a healthy meal or diet. Balancing the amount of fats, proteins, sugars, and carbohydrates will lead to a healthy diet and in turn better health all around.
More Information on Healthy Diets:
- An Overview of Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats for Consumers
- Daily Food Plans and Worksheets For a Healthy Diet
- Healthy Lifestyle: Healthy Eating for a Healthy Weight
- Smart Nutrition 101: Healthy EatingApidren Review
- Eating Healthier and Feeling Better Using the Nutrition Facts Label
- Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Summer Banks has researched over 5000 weight-loss programs, pills, shakes and diet plans. Previously, she managed 15 supplement brands, worked with professionals in the weight loss industry and completed coursework in nutrition at Stanford University.